Wednesday, July 8, 2015

Megh Coins found in Punjab and Afghanistan

THE JOURNAL OF THE BOMBAY BRANCH OF THE ROYAL ASIATIC SOCIETY. में जॉन विल्सन द्वारा प्राचीन सिक्कों की पहचान के बारे में लिखे गए एक संक्षिप्त शोध आलेख का कुछ अंश यहाँ ज्यों का त्यों दिया जा रहा है। जिसमे उनके पास पंजाब और अफ़ग़ानिस्तान में प्राप्त हुए कुछ सिक्के भेजे गए थे, उनके विश्लेषण करते हुए उनमे मेघवंश के सिक्कों का वर्णन किया है। इससे यह बात प्रमाणित होती है कि ईसवी शताब्दी प्रारम्भ होने से पहले कन्नौज, पंजाब और अफ़ग़ानिस्तान में मेघों का राज्य था। विल्सन ने इन सिक्कों को क्षत्रप सिक्कों की श्रेणी में रखा है। ज्यादा जानकारी के लिए मूल लेख देखा जा सकता है, जो एशियाटिक जर्नल मे पब्लिश है-
"Art. X. — Brief Notes on certain Ancient Coins lately presented to or exhibited before the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society."
( Pages 126 to 131 )
By John Wilson,
D. D. Honorary President of the Society.
Original Text follows as under:
..."..................but having no Barbarian titles," I find in Captain Christopher's collection nine of Soter MEGAS, of two or three types. They belong to a class which is exceedingly numerous not only in the Panjab, where they were found, but in Afghanistan, where Mr. Masson procured two hundred and fifty seven specimens in three years. They have on the obverse generally a helmeted or coronated king with a nimbus, with out any inscription ; and on the reverse the figure of a man mounted on horseback, with the legend BA2ILEY2 BA2ILEQN SQTHP MEr- A2 sometimes in a corrupted form. "The large number of these coins," says professor Lassen, " prove that this [nameless] king possessed an ample empire, and did not reign for a short time. He must have ruled in Kabul and a part of the Panjab." The same distinguished Antiquarian and Orientalist says that " he must have belonged to a certain Scythian horde, which had for some time their abode in a country, where purely Greek and not native characters were adopted for the coins." He adds, " At an after period he perhaps used them ; if indeed the coins with native legends which M. Mionnet assigns him, be really his." In one specimen now before us, there is the appearance of such a legend as that now referred to, but the letters are so indistinct that nothing can be made of them. Mr. Prinsep makes the nameless Soter MEGAS flourish about 70 years B. C. He must have been prior to the conquest of the Panjab and Kabul by Vikramaditya, whose era, 56 before Christ, dates from a victory over the Scythians in the Panjab. Of the Kadphises group of Indo-Scythian coins, referrible to the time between the Christian era and the century following, there are seven specimens in Capt. Christopher's collection. It also furnishes ten of the Kanerhi group ; fifteen of the Indian Kanavj dynasty ; eleven coins which I have not yet been able to class, but of which something may be made ; twenty-one coins which are much defaced ; and one hundred and twenty one with Arabic and Persian inscriptions. None of these series, I have found time sufficiently to examine ; but, perhaps, I may be able to direct attention to some of them at a subsequent meeting of the Society, particularly if any peculiarities appear in them worthy of distinct notice. They form altogether a valuable accession to our Museum." Page 131

Please add it in last of megh coins punjab/afghanistan

"3. Dr. Wilson, on behalf of Captain Christopher. I. N., present the Society a collection of ancient coins made by that gentleman during his late voyages of research and experiment on the Indus. These coins had been assorted and arranged by Dr. Wilson. A great number of them belong to the Bactrian and Indo-Scythian and Kanauj dynasties, including one of Heliocles, one of Azes, nine of Soter Megas, seven of the Kadphises group, ten of the Kanerki, fourteen of the Kanauj or ancient Hindee series, eleven not yet identified, but of which some thing may be made, and twenty one much defaced. There were also 121, with Arabic and Persian characters, which had not yet been ex amined. On the most remarkable of these coins, and the Parthian coin lately exhibited by Dr. Buist, and some specimens from Dr. Wilson's own collection, some notes were read by Dr. Wilson, which will appear in the next number of the Society's Journal. A continuation of his paper was promised, should anything of novelty or interest be discovered on a further study of Captain Christopher's valuable gatherings." Page 185
Year of publication: 18 5 1.